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Introduction

"He who strives to support his own family is like the one who fights for the sake of Allah."
Imam Al-Sadiq (‘a)

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All praise is due to Allah. Peace and the blessings of Allah be on Muhammad, master of all generations; the present one, the generations that passed away before it, on the righteous guides, his pure household, and on those who follow them, until the Day of Judgment.

Axiomatically, concepts differ as intellectual schools, practical systems differ, and grave consequences emerge from such differences. These consequences shape human connection and relationships, and regulate rights and duties.

One point that distinguishes the Islamic school of thought, regarding the definition of its concepts, from other schools of thought, is the comprehensiveness and accommodation that mark its laws.

A close look at the Islamic law reveals a cohesive and strong link, with no contradictions or conflicts. The ‘Shari’ah’ takes into consideration all human needs and tendencies, as well as the factors of place and time, in making its values, principles and teachings seen in the social, political and economic relations it adopts.

In the field of work and production, for example, Islam regulates the relative relationship between human energy and nature, as it is the prime source of wealth on the one hand, and production and the right of ownership on the other. It makes the product the property of the producer, and not the exploiter, thereby forbidding all forms of exploitation.

It also encourages the use of all talents and abilities, not only by enabling the worker to own what he produces, but also by considering work as an honour, a duty and a kind of ‘jihad’. This is not mere theory; the great men of Islam, the Messenger of Allah (S) and his household, Ahl-ul-Bait (a.s) themselves, worked in agriculture and other fields.

As for the unemployed, including the disabled, Islam introduced a social security system to meet their demands.

Legally owned wealth, Islam decided, has a social function and it should serve both man and society; without serving one at the expense of the other.

Islam forbids the production, circulation and consumption of commodities and services, which bring about evil and debauchery in society or man, in order to prevent the emergence of social, psychological and hygienic problems and diseases, and all other practices that will have a passive impact on social, economic, and security conditions.

By such measures Islam identifies the concept of “work and production" in a way that produces benefits and wards off evil, within the context of preserving man’s dignity.

As Al-Balagha Foundation presents this booklet to its dear readers, we pray lo Allah to fulfill His promise of granting victory to the faithful, so that these great laws may be implemented under the rule of Islam, everywhere on earth.

Certainly, victory comes only from Allah.