A short tutorial that briefly explains the 11 obligatory acts in our daily prayers.
Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim. Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammad wa 'aali Muhammad.
For our five daily obligatory prayers, there are 11 Wajib acts that we need to do. Five of them are Rukni wajib acts. Rukn basically means a pillar, where in if someone was to miss out on them, not do them intentionally or unintentionally or make a mistake, their salah will automatically be rended as batil and invalid. As for the other six, which are non-Rukni wajib parts in Salah, there are details as to what one should do if they have made an unintentional mistake.
As for the first of the Rukni wajib acts in salah, it is intention or niyyah. What it means is prior to you entering into prayer, you have made the intention of which of the five prayers you are going to be performing, you do not need to say verbally as long as it is there present in your heart.
Number two is Takbirat ul-Ihram, which means you are going to say Allahu Akbar, and when you do that, you are entering into prayer ihram or haram means what is going to happen is something that would be halal and okay and permissible for you to do, now becomes forbidden. You have entered into the sanctity of prayer, so you are not allowed to talk, you are not allowed to eat, you are not allowed to walk away from the qibla, et cetera, et cetera.
Number three is Qiyam, or standing up, for one who is able to.
Number four is Ruku' or bowing down. Now for each Raka', for every unit you have one Ruku'.
Number five is Sujood or prostrating. For each one Raka' you have two wajib sajdas.
These are the five Rukns of Salah. Then we have the non-Rukni Wajib acts in prayer.
Number six here is qira'ha, or recitation, which is the Hamd and the Sura.
Then we have the dhikr, number seven, and that is the invocation when you are doing your, for example, what you say in ruku', what you say in sujood...
Number eight is Tashahhud. In the second Raka', when you finish off with the two sajdahs of the second Raka', you need to sit back down and you recite the Tashahhud. Tashahhud is when you say Al-Hamdulillah, ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Allah, wahdahu la sharika la, so on and so forth. You are going to be reciting this in the second, Raka', and also if it is a three Raka' prayer, you are going to be reciting in the second and in the third, Raka', finishing off. If it is a four Raka', prayer, you are going to be reciting it in the second Raka', and in the fourth Raka'.
Number nine is Taslim, and Taslim basically means you are finishing off your prayer, you are exiting your salah. When you say 'assalamu alayka ayyuhan-Nabiyyu, wa Rahmatullahi Wa barakatuh, Assalamu alayna wa 'ala ibadillaahis saliheen, assalamu aleykum, wa rahmatullahi, wa barakatuh. The Salah is over.
There are two extra wajib non-Runki, acts in Salah.
And that is number ten, which is tartib, or sequence, one has to be done after the other in the correct way. You cannot do Raka' number one, and then for example, prior to that, having done something else or you cannot do the sajdah before the Ruku'. It needs to be done in sequence.
Number 11 is Muwalaats, it needs to be continuous without any undue gap. You cannot do one Raka' and then, five minutes later, come back and do a second Raka'.
InshaAllah, we were able to cover the 11 Wajib acts in Salah, and for any further details, please refer back to the practical laws of Islam. And thank you Batool for being a nice assistant.
Wal-Hamdulillahi Rabbil Alameen, wa assalatu wa assalamu ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa aali Muhammad