How to perform Tayammum (dry ablution) for wudhu' and ghusl.
Bismillah Al-Rahman Al-Rahim. Allahumma salli 'ala Muhammad wa 'aali Muhammad. This is a quick tutorial on tayammum or dry ablution. You do a dry ablution when you are not able to do wudhu in the conventional way, because you might not have access to water, there might be insufficient time for you to be able to do wudhu because the prayer is just about, prayer time is just about to finish or what is going to be harmful for you or extremely difficult for you to use.
Or even there might be a case where someone wants to quench their thirst and you only have a limited amount of water. Priority is given to that person quenching their thirst and not in you doing wudhu' with that water. What can you do tayammum on? It needs to be something from the earth. It could be rock, it could be a stone, it could be something like marble, it could be soil, which is what we're going to be using today.
The thing that you were going to be doing tayammum on, whatever it is, needs to be tahir and pure. Before you start your tayammum, you need to make sure that you remove anything that would prevent your hands getting to the soil, like, for example, a ring, you need to remove the ring.
And then you start with one particular thing. Like any other act of worship, you start with your niyah and your intention. The niyah is in you doing to your mom and making sure that before you even do so, you have no hair also preventing your hands from striking your foreheads.
There are four things that you are going to do with tayammum.
Number one, as we said, is the niyah, number two is you are going to strike the soil with both hands at one time, once, then when you raise your hands, you remove the excess soil, sand from your hands. Then with the tip of your wrist or your palm, you are going to wipe from the top of your forehead just before your forelock all the way down covering your eyebrows and the tip of your nose. What some people would do is when they are doing their tayammum, while they are wiping over their forehead, they go a little bit to the left and a little bit to the right.
This would be because then you need to make sure that you are wiping all of your forehead, including the top of your eyebrows all the way down till the tip of your nose. When you finish this, the third thing that you are going to do is you are going to be wiping the right hand with your left hand and you do it in this particular way. You need to make sure that you are including from the beginning of your wrist and then wiping downwards. And then when you finish wiping your right hand, you do the same thing with your left hand. And this is the end of tayammum.
Now, some scholars do say that you need to do one strike for your head and one strike for your hands if it is as a substitute for ghusl. But most scholars believe that this is only ihtihat, a precaution.
So let's do it again, please, Hasan. And this would be the end of your tayammum, which means you can perform your prayer normally, perform any other act of worship with this tayammum.
Any details that you need to know about further explanations regarding this and what the particular view of your marj'a at-taqlid is, you can refer to the detailed books, InshaAllah.
Wa Al-Hamdulillahi Rabb Al-Alameen, wa assalat wa assalam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa alyhi at-tahireen.