Luqman (also known as Luqman the Wise, Luqmaan, Lukman, and Luqman al-Hakeem; Arabic: لقمان‎) was a wise man after whom Surah Luqman (سورة لقمان), in the 31st sura (chapter) of the Qur'an, was named. Luqman (c. 1100 BC) was believed to be from Nubia or Ethiopia. There are many stories about Luqman in Persian, Arabic and Turkish literature, with the primary historical sources for his life found in the Tafsir ibn Kathir, and Stories of the Qur'an by Ibn Kathir.