Believing in Predestination Questions the Justice of Allah

This belief in predestination is very dangerous in that it implies that Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala, may, God forbid, Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala, is a Dhalim. The belief in predestination implies that Allah is unjust. He is an oppressor, he transgresses, Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala is a Dhalim, how?

And that the belief in predestination is basically that Allah forces me to do bad, and then he punishes me. Isn't this Dhulum? Obviously, it's Dhulum. There is a famous poem, a line of poetry in the Arabic language that speaks about this, that says, 'Al-khahu fi 'l-yammi makhtufan, fa qala iyyaka iyyaka an tabtab bi 'l-mai'. It is as if someone takes, I tie up someone's hands and I throw them in the water, and then I tell them beware, don't get wet. Does that make sense? You're throwing them in the water, but you're telling him, don't get wet. It doesn't make sense. You're the one that's throwing him in the water.

So if this was true, if predestination was true, this would place the biggest pretext in the hands of the Dhalama. Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala would ask the dictators: Why were you evil? They could obviously right away answer Allah and tell Him: it is because You wanted me to be evil. It is because You predestined me to be evil. So this is proof that this doesn't make sense. This would justify the actions of any evil doer, if we would believe in the idea of predestination.

It is impossible. And it would mean that Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala is a Dhalim. And that's why, brothers and sisters, that's why anytime this is a law of Fiqh, any time there is no free will in any action, then there is no accountability. There is a Hadith form Rasul Allah, salla Allahu alayhi wa alihi wa sallam, it's very famous, it's called Hadith Al-Raf'a. The Holy Prophet in this Hadith, he says that there are certain instances and occasions where the human being is not responsible for his actions. And he lists nine different types, nine different things. For example, ignorance.

'Rufi'an ummati ma la ya'alamu'. If I am ignorant, not always in certain circumstances, if I am ignorant, Allah Subhana wa Ta'ala will not hold me responsible for my ignorance. Only in certain circumstances, not always. Another portion, the Prophet says, 'Rufi'an ummati an-nisyaan, al-khata'a ma la yutikoon'. If I accidentally do something or I forget, Allah will not hold me accountable. If I cannot bear something, someone can't pass during the month of Ramadan Allah won't hold them accountable because they can't bear it.

And one of the nine things is 'Ma la ma ukruhu, ma ukrihu ilayhi, ma stikruhu alayh'. If someone is forced to do something, Allah will not hold them responsible. If someone forces me to drink alcohol, if someone forces me to do a sin, if someone holds a gun and says break your fast, will Allah be responsible for that? No, because I was forced, there was no free will.

The basis of accountability and punishment is free will. If there was no free will, there is no accountability. So that's why we understand that predestination will lead to Dhulum, because the basis of punishment is free will.