Amicableness المُداراة


فَضلُ المُداراةِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : أمَرَني رَبّي بِمُداراةِ النّاسِ كَما أمَرَني بِأداءِ الفَرائضِ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Allah has commanded me to treat people amicably just as He has commanded me to fulfil the religious obligations.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 117, no. 4]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : مُداراةُ النّاسِ نِصفُ الإيمانِ ، والرِّفقُ بِهِم نِصفُ العَيشِ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Being amicable towards people is half of faith, and being gentle and kind to them is half of life.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 117, no. 5]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) : ثَلاثٌ مَن لَم يَكُن فِيه لِمَ يَتِمَّ لَهُ عَمَلٌ : وَرَعٌ يَحجُزُهُ عَن مَعاصِي اللّه‏ِ ، وخُلُقٌ يُدارِي بِهِ النّاسَ ، وحِلْمٌ يَرُدُّ بِهِ جَهلَ الجاهِلِ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘There are three things that if are not present with someone then their actions are incomplete: piety preventing one from disobeying Allah, a character through which one is amicable towards people, and clemency with which to deal with the rashness of the ignorant.’[al-Kafi, v. 2, p. 116, no. 1]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : ثَمَرَةُ العَقلِ مُداراةُ النّاسِ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The fruit of [strong] intellect is amicableness with people.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 4629]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : سَلامَةُ الدِّينِ وَالدُّنيا في مُداراةِ النّاسِ .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘The security of this world and the Hereafter lies in amicableness with people.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5610]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَن دَارى أضدادَهُ أمِنَ المَحارِبَ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Whoever is amicable towards his enemies is secure from war.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8539]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) : مَن لَم يُصلِحْهُ حُسنُ المُداراةِ أصلَحَهُ سُوءُ المُكافاةِ.

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘Whoever is not improved by the goodness of amicableness will be improved by the evil consequences [of the absence of it].’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 8202]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ مِن كَلامٍ لَهُ يُوَبِّخُ فِيهِ أصحابَهُ ـ : كَم اُداريكُم كَما تُدارَى البِكارُ العَمِدَةُ ، وَالثِّيابُ المُتَداعِيَةُ، كُلَّما حِيصَت مِن جانِبٍ تَهَتَّكتْ مِن آخَرَ ... و إنّي لَعالِمٌ بِما يُصلِحُكُم ويُقِيمُ أوَدَكُم ، ولكِنّي لا أرى إصلاحَكُم بِإِفسادِ نَفْسي.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) when reprimanding his companions said, ‘How long should I continue to be amicable with you the way one is amicable with camels with a hollow hump, or to worn clothes which when stitched on one side give way on the other… and verily I know what can improve you and how to straighten your crookedness, but I shall not improve your condition by marring myself.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Sermon 69]