Courage الشَّجاعَة


فَضْلُ الشَّجاعَةِ

1ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّجاعَةُ عِزٌّ حاضِرٌ.

1– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Courage is might at hand.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 572]

2ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّجاعةُ نُصرَةٌ حاضِرَةٌ وفَضيلَةٌ ظاهِرَةٌ.

2– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Courage is a ready victory and an obvious virtue.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 1700]

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لَو تَمَيَّزَتِ الأشياءُ لَكانَ الصِّدقُ مَع الشَّجاعَةِ ، وكانَ الجُبنُ مَع الكَذِبِ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'If qualities were to be classified, honesty would be with courage, and cowardice with dishonesty.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 7597]

4ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ وقد سُئلَ عنِ‏الشَّجاعةِ ـ: مُواقَفَةُ الأقرانِ ، والصَّبرُ عِندَ الطِّعانِ.

4– Imam al-Hasan (a.s.) was once asked about courage, to which he replied, 'It is to know when to stand up to one's opponents, and when to be patient in the face of criticism.’[Tuhaf al-’Uqul, no. 226]

That Which Engenders Courage

ما يورِثُ الشَّجاعَةَ

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): جُبِلَتِ الشَّجاعَةُ على ثلاثِ طَبائعَ ، لِكُلِّ واحِدَةٍ مِنهُنَّ فَضيلَةٌ لَيسَت لِلاُخرى: السَّخاءُ بِالنَّفسِ ، والأنَفَةُ مِنَ الذُّلِّ ، وطَلبُ الذِّكرِ ، فإنْ تَكامَلَت في الشُّجاعِ كانَ البَطَلَ الذي لا يُقامُ لِسَبِيلِهِ ، والمَوسومَ بالإقدامِ في عَصرِهِ ، وإن تَفاضَلَت فيهِ بَعضُها على بَعضٍ كانَت شَجاعَتُهُ في ذلكَ الذي تَفاضَلَت فيهِ أكثَرَ وأشَدَّ إقداماً .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Courage has been created based on three natural characteristics, each of which has an exclusive merit over the rest. They are: self-esteem, dignity [in the face of humiliation], and seeking a good reputation. If they all attain perfection in the courageous man, he is an invincible hero, distinguished for his boldness in his generation. And if some of them are perfected in him more than others, then his courage will far supercede in those particular qualities over the rest.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 236, no. 66]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): قَدرُالرَّجُل على قَدرِ هِمَّتِهِ، وصِدقُهُ على قَدرِ مُرُوَّتِهِ ، وشَجاعَتُهُ على قَدرِ أنَفَتِهِ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'A man's worth is in proportion to the extent of his ambition, his honesty is in proportion to the extent of his gallantry, and his courage is in proportion to the extent of his dignity [in the face of humiliation].’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 47]

7ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): شَجاعَةُ الرَّجُلِ عَلى قَدرِ هِمَّتِهِ ، وغَيرَتُهُ على قَدرِ حَمِيَّتِهِ.

7– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'A man's courage is in proportion to the extent of his ambition, and his zeal in proportion to the extent of his ardour.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 5763]

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): على قَدرِ الحَمِيَّةِ تكونُ الشَّجاعَةُ.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, '[A man's] courage is in proportion to the extent of [his] ardour.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6180]

The Most Courageous of People

أشجَعُ النّاسِ

9ـ مَرَّ رسولُ اللّه‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ) بقَومٍ يرفَعونَ حَجَراً، فقالَ: ما هذا؟ قالوا: نعرِفُ بذلكَ أشَدَّنا وأقوانا ، فقالَ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): ألا اُخبِرُكُم بأشَدِّكُم وأقواكُم ؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسولَ اللّه‏ِ . قالَ: أشَدُّكُم وأقواكُمُ الذي إذا رَضِيَ لَم يُدخِلْهُ رِضاهُ في إثمٍ ولا باطِلٍ ، وإذا سَخِطَ لَم يُخرِجْهُ سَخَطُهُ مِن قَولِ الحَقِّ ، وإذا قَدَرَ لَم يَتَعاطَ ما لَيسَ لَهُ بِحَقٍّ.

9– The Prophet (S) said, 'Shall I tell you who is the toughest and strongest from among you?’ They replied, ‘Yes, O Prophet of Allah, do tell us’, so the Prophet (S) said, ‘The strongest and toughest of you is he who, when he is happy, his happiness does not lead him to committing a sin or anything wrong, and when he gets angry, his anger does not prevent him from speaking the truth, and when he is empowered in any way, he does not take hold of that which is not lawfully his.’[Ma’ani al-Akhbar, p. 366, no. 1]

10ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أشجَعُ الناسِ أسخاهُم.

10– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The most courageous of people is the most generous of them.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 2899]

11ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أشجَعُ الناسِ مَن غَلَبَ الجَهلَ بِالحِلمِ .

11– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The most courageous of people is he who conquers his rashness with clemency.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, 3357]

12ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا أشجَعَ مِن لَبِيبٍ .

12– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'There is no one more courageous than a man of understanding.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, 10591]

13ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أقوَى الناسِ أعظَمُهم سُلطاناً على نَفسِهِ .

13– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The strongest of people is the one with the greatest authority over his own self.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3188]

The Bane of Courage

آفَةُ الشَّجاعَةِ

14ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): آفَةُ الشَّجاعَةِ إضاعَةُ الحَـزمِ .

14– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The bane of courage is losing one's judiciousness.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 3938]

15ـ الإمامُ العسكريُّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): إنَّ ... للشَّجاعَةِ مِقداراً ، فإن زادَ علَيهِ فهُو تَهَوُّرٌ.

15– Imam al-’Aaskari (a.s.) said, 'Verily… courage has a limit, which when overstepped becomes foolhardiness.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 377, no. 3]