The Chief

The Chief السَّيِّد

The Chief


1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): سَيِّدُ القَومِ خادِمُهُم.

1– The Prophet (S) said, 'The chief of a people should serve them.’[Kanz al-’Ummal, no. 17517]

2ـ الإمامُ الحسينُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ) ـ لَمّا سَألَهُ أبوهُ عنِ السُّؤدُدِ ـ: إحشاشُ العَشِيرَةِ ، واحتِمالُ الجَرِيرَةِ.

2– Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) when asked by his father about what chiefdom involves, replied, '[The ability] To make one's tribe flourish, and [the capacity] to bear the burden of their crimes.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 72, p. 194, no. 14]

Requirements of Chiefdom

ما يوجِبُ السُّؤدَدَ

3ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): بِاحتِمالِ المُؤَنِ يَجِبُ السُّؤدُدُ.

3– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Chiefdom is achieved through tolerating hardships.’[Nahjul Balaghah, Saying 224]

4ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الشَّريفُ كُلُّ الشَّريفِ مَن شَرَّفَهُ عِلمُهُ ، والسُّؤدُدُ حَقُّ السُّؤدُدِ لِمَنِ اتَّقى اللّه‏َ رَبَّهُ.

4– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'The truly noble one is he who has been ennobled by his knowledge, and true chiefdom belongs to he who is wary of his duty to Allah, his Lord.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 82, no. 82]

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): فَضيلَةُ السادَةِ حُسنُ العِبادَةِ .

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ' The virtue characteristic of chiefs is the beauty of their worship.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 6559]

6ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): أربَعُ خِصالٍ يَسُودُ بِها المَرءُ: العِفَّةُ ، والأدَبُ ، والجُودُ ، والعَقلُ .

6– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'There are four virtues that qualify a man for chiefdom: chastity, courtesy, magnanimity and intelligence.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 1, p. 94, no. 23]

7ـ الإمامُ الحسنُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): الإعطاءُ قَبلَ السُّؤالِ مِن أكبَرِ السُّؤدُدِ .

7– Imam al-Hasan (a.s.) said, 'The greatest characteristic of chiefdom is giving before one is asked.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 78, p. 113, no. 7]

Factors that Repel Chiefdom

ما يَمنَعُ السُّؤدَدَ

8ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): مُنازَعَةُ السُّفَّلِ تَشِينُ السّادَةَ.

8– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, 'Engaging in disputes with the lower classes is a source of disgrace for chiefs.’[Ghurar al-Hikam, no. 9813]

9ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَطمَعَنَّ... المُعاقِبُ على الذَنبِ الصغيرِ في السُّؤدُدِ ، ولا القَليلُ التَّجرِبَةِ المُعجَبُ بِرَأيِهِ في رئاسَةٍ.

9– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'The person guilty of petty sins should not be coveting chiefdom, and neither should the inexperienced person who proudly holds his own opinion be coveting leadership.’[al-Khisal, p. 434, no. 20]

10ـ الإمامُ الصّادقُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا يَسودُ سَفِيهٌ.

10– Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) said, 'A fool can never be chief.’[al-Khisal, p. 271, no. 10]