Table of Contents

The Friday Prayer

The Friday Prayer صَلاةُ الجُمُعَة

The Friday Prayer

أهَمِّيَّةُ صَلاةِ الجُمُعَةِ

1ـ رسولُ اللهِ‏ِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن تَرَكَ ثلاثَ جُمَعٍ تَهاوُناً بها طَبَعَ اللّه‏ُ على قَلبِهِ.

1– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever misses three Friday prayers, being indifferent to them, Allah seals his heart.’[Wasa’il al-Shi’ah, v. 5, p. 6, no. 25]

2ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): الجُمُعَةُ حَجُّ المَساكِينِ.

2– The Prophet (S) said, ‘The Friday prayer is the pilgrimage (Hajj) of the poor.’[al-Da’aawat, p. 37, no. 91]

3ـ رسولُ اللهِ (صَلَّيَ اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ آلِهِ): مَن أتَى الجُمُعَةَ إيماناً واحتِساباً استَأنَفَ العَمَلَ.

3– The Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever attends the Friday prayer faithfully and contentedly is able to resume his work [immediately thereafter].’ [al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 427, no. 1260]

4ـ الإمامُ الباقرُ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): صلاةُ الجُمُعَةِ فَريضَةٌ، والاجتِماعُ إلَيها فَريضَةٌ مع الإمامِ، فإن تَرَكَ رَجُلٌ مِن غَيرِ عِلَّةٍ ثلاثَ جُمَعٍ فَقَد تَرَكَ ثلاثَ فَرائضَ، ولا يَدَعُ ثلاثَ فَرائضَ مِن غَيرِ عِلَّةٍ إلّا مُنافِقٌ .

4– Imam al-Baqir (a.s.) said, ‘The Friday prayer is an obligation, and congregating for it in the presence of an Imam [Imam as in one of the twelve divinely appointed Imams (a.s.) (ed.)] is an obligation, so if someone misses three Friday prayers without an excuse, it is as if he has abandoned the performance of three obligations, and none but a hypocrite abandons three obligations without an excuse.’[Bihar al-Anwar, v. 89, p. 184, no. 21]

Etiquette of Listening to the Sermon

أدَبُ سَماعِ الخُطبَةِ

5ـ الإمامُ عليٌّ (عَلَيهِ الّسَلامُ): لا كلامَ والإمامُ يَخطُبُ ولا التِفاتَ إلّا كما يَحِلُ‏في الصَّلاةِ.

5– Imam Ali (a.s.) said, ‘There must be no talking while the leader of the prayer is giving the sermon, nor looking around except to the extent permissible in the prayer.’[al-Faqih, v. 1, p. 416, no. 1230]