Muhammad (Arabic: مُحَمَّد, pronounced [muħammad]; c. 570 CE – 8 June 632 CE) was an Arab religious, social, and political leader and the founder of Islam. According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to present and confirm the monotheistic teachings preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.
We follow Ahlul Bayt (AS) who lived with the Prophet (SAWA). No one in this Ummah knows about the Prophet (SAWA) and his teachings more than his own Progeny Ahlul Bayt (AS). Most authentic narrations from Ahlul Bayt (Aas) states that the Prophet was born on 17th of Rabi’ul Awwal, and his martyrdom was on 28 of Safar year 11 after Hijra. (Al-Kafi by Al-Kulaini, Al-Tahtheeb by Al-Shaikh al-Tousi, Al-Irshad by Al-Shaikh Al-Mofeed and many other authentic books.).
You need first to know the meaning of the term (Imam). Imam means a divine leader. The divine leader for human beings can be the Prophet of his time, or a successor of a Prophet. Prophet Ibrahim was appointed by Allah as divine leader (Imam). (2:124). This appointment came long after he was appointed as a Prophet then a messenger.
Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) is greater than Prophet Ibrahim and he Ws appointed as the divine leader for all human beings. His twelve successors are the Imams after him. Imam does need to be a Prophet but divine leader.
There are references that when the holy Prophet (s.a.w.) went in his Mi'raj journey, Allah ta'ala communicated with the Prophet (s.a.w.), in the voice of Imam Ali (a.s.). This is among the merits of Imam Ali (a.s.).
Of course, in Sunni sources, like al-Durr al-Manthur, v. 4, p. 154-5, it says the Prophet (s.a.w.) heard the voice of Abu Bakr.
But Sunni sources also narrate it being Imam Ali (a.s.).
We have absolute belief that Allah ta'ala does not have a body, or anything material, and even in this case of "communicating", it was casting the sound.
So, the voice was not Imam Ali (a.s.), but the casting of a sound to an angel that resembled the voice of Imam Ali (a.s.), because it was the most loved of sounds for the Prophet (s.a.w.).
Some Sunni references for this narration:
al-Manaqib, by al-Khwarazmi, p. 78, p. 6, h. 61.
Yanabi' al-Mawaddah, v. 1, p. 246, h. 28.
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There are many different narrations in Sunni books about the dates of birth and death of the Prophet (SAWA). We have taken the most authentic narrations from Ahlul Bayt (AS) who know about the Prophet more than any other narrator, stating that his birth was on 17th of Rabi’ual ‘Awwal, and his martyrdom was on 28th of Safar.
Allah (SWT) ordered us in many verses in Quran to obey the Prophet (SAWA).e.g. 3:32, :132, 4:59, 4:64, 4:80 and many other verses.
'The Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) clearly told the z Muslims to salute his progeny with him. He ordered Muslims to avoid the cut off salutation which does not salute his progeny with him. لا تُصَلّوا عليّ الصلاة البتراء.
Last of the Prophets ia the proper word for the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) not last of messengers because all the messengers were Prophets as well, and no Prophet will be sent after Muhammad (SAWA). If he was called last of the messengers, that will leave a chance to liars to claim prophet hood after him. Every messenger is a Prophet but not every Prophet is a messenger, that is why, no Prophet means no Prophet or messenger will come after Muhammad (SAWA).
He was the leader of all the human beings including the Prophets and messengers.Imamate after him is for his successors who are not Prophets as he said: No Prophet after me.
We don't have such narration suggesting the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) is from the tribe David. David is from Ishaq (AS) while Prophet Muhammad is from Ismael (AS).
You need to ask the person who claims that to provide authentic evidence supporting his claim.
Different people look at a thing and take different lessons from it.
However, one could glean from their marriage that when two people are sincere, mutually self-sacrificing, pool their wealth and talents, and committed to each other and a higher cause, they can accomplish anything!
I am sure there will be some other insights as well.
Dates of birth are taken from narrations. Even there are different dates of the birth in Sunni books. Some Sunni scholars like ibn abdul Barr and al-Waaqidi . Al-Seira Al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Katheer said the Prophet was born on second of Rabaul Awwal ( not on the 12th)Ibn Abdul Barr in his book Al-Estee'aab. This has been mentioned in al-aseerah al-Nabawiyyah by ibn Katheer, v.1, p.199.
Some Sunni scholars said the Prophet was born on the eighth of Rabi,ul Awwal like Ibn Hazm and al-Zohri and al-Khawarizmi.
Other Sunni scholars said it was on the tenth of Rabi'ul Awwal like Ibn Dihyah and ibn Asaakir and al-Shi'bi.
Sime Sunni scholars narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) was born in month of Ramadan or month of Safar. So,bayou see many different Sunni narrations in this matter.
We,v the followers of Ahlul Bayt (AS) have taken the most authentic narrations from Ahlul Bayt (AS) which is 17 Rabi'ul Awwal.
This is a good question, which has been discussed by scholars. These are some views:
1. Heaven and hell exist outside of our normal time, because they are eternal. So, when we do a good act in this life, we build something at the same time in heaven (like hadith speaking of planting a tree in heaven). However, we do not experience it until after we leave this world and go through the Resurrection. Since the mi'raj occurred outside normal space and time, the Prophet (S) was able to see the eternal reality rather than being bound to our reality, which consists of normal space and time, and from which the eternal realities of Heaven and Hell are veiled. I personally favour this view.
2. When the Prophet (S) saw heaven and hell, he saw the heaven and hell of barzakh. That is, when we are in barzakh but before Resurrection, we also experience a type of heaven or hell based on our deeds, but which continues only until the Resurrection and is not eternal.
3. Allah showed the Prophet (S) a vision or appearance of what will happen in the future in Heaven or Hell. Allah can do that because Allah knows all things and can present knowledge of the unseen to anyone He wills.
Also, it should be remembered that while the idea that the Prophet (S) experienced the mi'raj is established in Qur'an and hadith, individual narrations about what he saw may be correct or incorrect.
You did not understand the full meaning of the narration. It is wrong to claim that all women will be in hell, how come when millions of women are sincere believers and great women like Lady Fatima, Lady Mariam, Lady Khadija, Lady Zainab, and many other most pious ladies are better than millions of men. The narration which you mentioned means only the sinners from the women.
Even the other part of the narration about poor people in Paradise should be understood properly that not only poverty but their right faith and good deeds including tolerating poverty made them in Paradise.