Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.
Muslim great scholars in general consider every music which is usually used by sinners as not permissible. There is no specific musical instrument which is allowed always, but it depends on how this instrument is been used whether in sinful music or not.
Sexual activity between husband and wife should continue as long as they are healthy and able. If the wife is young, then her husband must sleep with her at least once every four months.
‘Even if they are aged, they should enjoy themselves as husband and wife in the way which they prefer. Wife is not allowed to refuse to be sexually with her husband as far as she is able. Husband is also required to sexually treat his wife as much as he can.
I would aver that the fundamentals of Islamic theology are actually quite simple. For instance: God exists and is omnipotent/omniscient, is just and good, and responds to prayer; there is life after death and we are judged in accordance with our actions and intentions; God sends messengers to guide people; the Qur'an is divine revelation; the Prophet Muhammad was the final prophet; there are other beings such as angels.
It is true there are some arguments about the details of this (for instance, details of exactly what happens during the Resurrection), but I think the fundamentals are simple and this is one reason why Islam has spread so much around the world. Most Muslims will agree on these major points and disagree on smaller points, such as how exactly to do wudu.
However, I also don't want to shoot down your question; clearly you are considering there to be many different opinions.
In this case, I would say that it is human nature to differ over time, especially when a community becomes large, and, over time, Muslims developed various worldviews and understandings, especially when faced with new questions.
As for why God made it complicated, the Qur'an often emphasises the importance of using the intellect, pondering, taking lessons from the natural world, and so forth. So, perhaps we are meant to use our intellect and experience to find solid answers to the questions that are before us - that is, we are meant to put effort into it, rather than just receiving instructions like a computer.
This effort is what distinguishes us from the angels: they see the divine realities directly and receive their instructions and do them, but they do not have to go through the struggle to find out what is true or not. Therefore, this ultimately gives us a greater potential even if the process is difficult.
Conversely, we value the things we have to work for (including theological and spiritual understandings) and do not usually value the things we are given freely.
Just a few thoughts - I am sure there will be others!
In addition to the previous reply, perhaps below might be useful:
Our understanding of concepts such as "life", "death" and "existence" is coloured by our experiences. Our frame of reference is the reality that we inhabit, and it cannot be any other way. Even when we use words such as "nature of God", it is our understanding of the words "nature" and "God".
Therefore, when we talk of God as being "Alive", "Everlasting", and such, our immediate frame of reference is our own lives and existence. When we see that we come from being non-existent into existence, that we live and die, we sometimes might think of God as being alive and existing in the same manner.
Some theologians and philosophers will explain that God, who is the "source" of all that exists, is existence Himself. Whereas our existence is contingent, meaning it's dependent and possible, God's existence (or perhaps God as existence) is necessary.
I hope that the above discussion has shed some light. At the end of the day, all of our ruminations and musings are limited by our own limitations.
Always in need of your prayers
Allah is The Everlasting Alive الحيّ ALHAYY and He never dies as He Created the life and death on all His creatures and He is above whatever He Created.
We have no ability to know or even think about Him, but we should think about what He Created. The Hadeeth says: Don't think in Allah's Self but think in Allah's creatures.
Your mother is concerned about your life and your future in this life and hereafter. She wants you to obey your Creator Who Created you and Who is looking after you in every moment. We don't enforce religion on others, but you need to understand and submit to the will of Allah on every Muslim female to wear Hijab. You question whether the action of your mother is allowed in Islam, leads me to ask you frankly: If you are really concerned about what is allowed or not allowed, then ask yourself : is it allowed in Islam for a female to go out with out Hijab?
The earth is part of the universe.
There isn't any specific advice in the Qur'an and hadith about this, apart from the general advice that it is good to have a profession.
However, you could consider what types of things you enjoy doing and come easily to you, and also what skill sets are easiest for you. (For instance, are you good at working with your hands, art, people skills, mathematical skills, etc.)
It is also good to ask other people for their advice since they may see things in you that you are not paying attention to.
If you have the opportunity, you can also try different things and see what does or does not suit you. Every master chef begins with the first dish! The difference between the master chef, and the person who quits and does something else, is that the master chef perseveres.
Sometimes people do multiple things in life (at the same time or at different times), so you do not always have to choose one thing.
Also, people are often quite successful in jobs or endeavors that are not really their "true passion" or their best talent but are simply something they began to do or had to do. Possibly this is because when something does not come naturally to us, we have to work harder to get good at it, and, in the end, someone who works hard to learn a skill will do better than someone who has natural talent but who does not work to develop it. Most people can do most things with training and effort.
You can also consider what is important to you, how you would want to be remembered after your life, or if there is any particular group you want to serve. For instance, some people go into Islamic religious work because they want to serve the ummah, or feel a similar calling. Some people go into medicine because they want to help people or see a need for it. Some people go into business because they admire people who are successful at business or want to provide a certain product or service somewhere, or help a certain community economically.
With duas for your success!
I am sorry to hear about your difficulties. You are not allowed to end your own life, and this is a firm prohibition in Islam, since life and death belong solely to Allah.
Sometimes people end their lives because they feel that they have no way out of the difficulties they are facing. If that is your situation, it is good to pray that Allah opens some doors and finds a new way for you to improve your situation. (I am sure you are doing this, but you can continue to do it, inshallah.)
You also do not know what Allah has planned for you in the future, and maybe you have some things that it is important for you to do in the future in life, and you will look back and realize it was important for you to continue living. So right now your job is just to get through your situation in the here and now.
As they say, it is often darkest before the dawn, and difficult times do not usually last forever. Oftentimes, Allah's mercy reaches us when we are at our most difficult point and then we find relief from whatever we are suffering from. So do continue to pray for assistance and have hope!
Yes, it is permissible.
It depends on your body condition. Exercise is good as far as it does not harm your health and does not take very long to waste your time. Every person has his own limits which he feels.
It is good to continue to pray for guidance and to find the truth (as we all must do regularly!), since Allah answers those who sincerely pray for guidance. It is also good to follow whatever you know is true. Lastly, it is good to reflect on the Qur'an (I am sure you do that, but doing that more be helpful, as our understanding of the Qur'an often changes as we go throughout life).