Maria bint Shamʿūn, better known as Maria al-Qibtiyya (مارية القبطية), Maria Qubtiyya, or Maria the Copt (died 637), was an Egyptian who, along with her sister Sirin, were sent to the Prophet Muhammad in 628 as a gift by Muqawqis, a governor of Alexandria, Egypt during the territory's Persian occupation.
Mariah al-Qibtiyyah was one of the wives of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his Holy Progeny). She was the only wife who became pregnant from him after Khadijah (as). She was the mother of Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet (pbuh) who was born in Madina.
The Prophet used to love his wife Mariah because she was a very pious believer.
According to many Sunni books narrating from Aisha, that Aisha used to feel jealous from Mariah al-Qibtiyyah.
Al-Hakim al-Nishapuri in his well known book al-Mustadrak narrated from Aisha that she said that "I felt jealous of Mariah when she got a son from the Prophet (pbuh) and I told the Prophet (pbuh) that this child does not look like you." (vol 4, pages 41, 42)
Many other Sunni scholars have narrated the story of the jealously of Aisha and her allegation on Lady Mariah regarding the son of the Prophet (pbuh):
· Sahih Muslim (pages 1069, 1070)
· Musnad al-Bazzar (vol 2, page 237)
· Musannaf Abi Asim (vol 615, hadith nos. 3129, 3130)
· Ma’rifat al-Sahaba by Ibn Mandah (page 972)
· Hilyat al-Awliya by Abi Na'eem al-Asfahani (vol 3, pages 177, 178)
· Tabarani in al-Mu'jam al-Awsat (vol 4, pages 89, 90)
· Al-Haythami in Majma al-Zawa'id (vol 9, page 161)
All these Sunni books and many other books narrated that Aisha out of the jealousy against Mariah put allegations on her.
No doubt you find in many Sunni books when they mention the verse of the 'Ifk' which is the dangerous lie, they claim that Aisha was the accused wife, but the narration which they mention has many objections even among many Sunni scholars which means that the narration claiming that Aisha was the accused is not authentic at all.
Maraih was the real victim of this allegation but Allah (swt) removed that allegation from her. Jibrael came down and told the Prophet (SAWA), "Ya aba Ibrahim" (Oh father of Ibrahim). Because Aisha claimed that the child Ibrahim does not look like the Prophet (SAWA) and she told her people to say the same but Jibrael came and told the prophet "Oh father of Ibrahim" which refuted the allegation against Mariah.
The story of Seyidah Māriyah bint Shamʿūn al-Qibtiyah مارية القبطية or Maria the Copt, is indeed a very sad story.
She was a maid that belonged to the Chief of Alexander in Egypt who gave her to the Prophet (s.a.w.) along with many other gifts. She converted to Islam, and the Prophet (s.a.w.) married her, and loved her very much. It is also mentioned that she was beautiful.
She was the only wife, after Seyidah Khadijah (r.a.) who had a child from the Prophet (s.a.w.), by the name of Ibrahim, who passed away while still an infant (1 year and 10 months old).
Seyidah Māriyah went through many difficulties during her marriage, facing a lot of pressure from the other wives. She was noble, polite, committed to Islam, loyal to the Prophet's message, gave birth to the Prophet's child, and was also beautiful.
None of these qualities resonated with some of the other wives of the Prophet (s.a.w.).
One of the wives of the Prophet (s.a.w.), 'Aishah hated Māriyah and made that very clear. 'Aishah had said herself that she has never been jealous of anyone else as much as her jealousy towards Māriyah.
Unfortunately, Māriyah was accused of the most wicked of things, by some of the wives of the Prophet (s.a.w.), saying that Ibrahim was not his, but rather someone else. This is why it has been said that the verses related to the event of al-Ifk (al-Nur, 11, al-Hujurat, 6) descended in the Quran.
There has also been so much negative propaganda against her, because of her devotion to the beloved Prophet (s.a.w.). This was spread by the Hypocrites and unfortunately some of the wives of the Prophet (s.a.w.).
An example for this is downsizing her noble status, like saying she was the Prophet's concubine, and not his "wife", and so on.
I would highly recommend that you read the various (Sunni) historical sources that mention these things. It is our incumbant shar'i and moral duty to defend the honour of the noble wives of the Prophet (s.a.w.), and correct our information about them and not be misguided.
Alhamdulillah, some Sunni Muslims are realising the truth and are defending Seyidah Māriyah, and trying to refute the accusations and misconceptions surrounding her.
She passed away in the year 16 AH, and was buried in Jannatul-Baqi', in Medinah al-Munawarrah. May Allah bless her and be pleased with her.
Lady Maria daughter of Sham'oon known as Maria Al-Qibtiyyah, is one of the wives of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and Ummul Mo'mineen.
She was well behaving and pious follower of the Prophet (SAWA). Allah (SWT) granted the Prophet from Maria a son(Ebraheem) who passed away during his childhood.
'Aysha daughter of Abu Bakr who was also among the wives of the Prophet, did not like Maria and she has stated (according to Sunni books) that she was feeling jealous from Maria more than other wives. This was behind the trend of the followers of 'Aysha against Maria and claiming that she was not a wife but just concubine.
Lady Maria was not only a wife of the Prophet (SAWA) but also was one of the best of his wives in Madina, as far as her Faith and obedience.
Lady Maria was accused by some hypocrites including two of wived of the Prophet and their people, that her child Ebraheem was not from the Prophet (SAWA) but from another person. The story of this false allegation was mentioned in Quran and known by Al-Efk.