Shura, as done during early Islamic history, is not the same thing as modern voting, a modern parliament, or modern democracy. Modern democracy developed recently in history, and some Muslims back-project it and claim it has roots in Islam by saying it is like shura. However, modern democracy is different from shura, and this is not an accurate analogy; rather, it is a form of apologetics.
In any case, the Shii belief is that the succession to the Prophet (S) was appointed by Allah and people did not have the right to choose it - neither by shura nor by a one-person-one-vote system - just as people do not have the right to choose how many times a day they say formal prayers, or what month to fast in.
However, Allah has not appointed specific individuals to be our political leaders presently, so we use other systems of governance and selection of leaders.
Furthermore, when you read the history of what actually happened during the selection of the first three caliphs, you see that some things happened that were questionable or politically motivated for an agenda, and it was not that everyone got together and simply discussed with sincerity and equality who should be the next leader. The scenario was different for each caliph. When you read what happened, you see it is nothing like voting today where every person has a single vote and the majority wins. You can look into that in history books.
The rules for females who are passing their menstruation period are same:
1. No Namaz (Preyers) whether obligatory or recommended and no Qaza (Qadha) of such Prayers later on.
2. No fasting but it must be made up as Qaza later on if she misses fasting any day in the Month of Ramadhan.
3. No sexual intercourse is permissible during menstruation period. Divorce is invalid during menstruation period.
4. It is not allowed for her and any person who is in the state of Janabah (man or woman) to recite any of the four verses of Quran of obligatory Sajda (In Sura Al-Alaq, Sura An-Najm, Sura Fussilat and Sura Al-Sajdah)
5. It is not allowed for her and any person who is in the state of Janabah (man or woman) be inside any Masjid. The inside of shrines of Ahlul Bayt (AS) are Masjids. The courtyard (Sahn) is not a Masjid so she can be in the Sahn but not inside the shrine.
Everyone is worthy of Allah's love since we are all Allah's creation.
In 2003, there was a lot of insanity (as usually happens during wartime), and many people were swept up by events, propaganda, false promises, and self-delusion. In such a situation, it is difficult to make practical amends, but at least you recognize where you went wrong and regret it. It is through hard experience that wisdom is learned.
There is no real virtue in labelling ourselves or others as "good Muslims" or "bad Muslims"; Allah knows what is in our hearts.
However, it is good to pray (even if you just start by doing it sometimes), because it is very highly emphasized in the Qur'an and hadith. Allah will love you whether or not you pray; but your prayer is one of the ways that you can show love back!
It truly is a blessed opportunity for not only the mother, but the infant as well, to be brought to the holy sanctuaries of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). Nurturing a child the love of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) by taking them to holy Shrines, and from such a young age, engraves faith and belief in their hearts.
Therefore, the mother should seize the opportunity of giving her baby the most exposure to the holy Shrines, and benefiting from that spiritual atmosphere.
That being said, like everywhere else one travels, certain precautions must be taken.
Try to select a date where the weather in Iraq is moderate. Not too hot, and not too cold. Spring, or Autumn, for example. Keep in mind that electricity is still a problem there.
Pack basic essentials for the baby's needs, from clothes to nappies. A compact pram would also be useful. Bring child medicine, like panadol, nappy rash, etc, and also medication for diarrhea.
Try to choose quiet times when you go for the Ziyarah, and avoid big crowds. Keep an eye on you child, and try not to be conspicuous. For your own protection, and for your baby's protection, pay sadaqah regularly, and keep a hirz on your baby.
It would be very useful to travel with people who would assist you throughout the trip. Try not to rely on others, but at times you will need help with certain things, and maybe just a little rest.
Continue to remind yourself that you wish to gain proximate benefit from Ziyarah, and that your intention is purely for Allah ta'ala. Also, remember that your reward is based on the amount of difficulty you go through, so everything you endure will be taken into consideration in the eye of the Almighty.
And please keep us in your duas.
Imam Husain (a.s.), the grandson of the Prophet of Islam (s.a.w.) was beseiged in the plains of Karbala, Iraq, and innocently killed along with some of his family members and companions.
Should you wish to read further about this topic, please refer to these following links: