Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. The first period usually begins between twelve and fifteen years of age, a point in time known as menarche. However, periods may occasionally start as young as eight years old and still be considered normal.
I think it is good to look at these texts with a proverbial grain of salt and in the historical context, including but not limited to a common trend of denigrating certain enemies of the Imams (A) on the grounds that they were illegitimate, as well as a heavily tribal culture where once's ancestry generally affected one's social identity and life opportunities. In the time of the later Imams, there seems to have been a particularly strong focus on one's paternal ancestry.
Infants are obviously not born with a conscious hatred of Imam Ali (A) since they have to learn first who he is, and their opinions of him are generally shaped according to what they are told. Of course, one could argue that on an existential level, we encounter Imam Ali (A) prior to birth and thereby develop some relationship. One could also argue that one is born with an inherent disposition towards or against what he stood for (justice, truth, etc). Still, one finds, in practice, many people who are not born within the context of a marriage who do have a strong love for Imam Ali, and many people historically who were born within the context of a marriage who fought him. So it is worth considering these statements in more of a historical/cultural context rather than as absolutes.
It is more difficult to comment in practice regarding the latter since most people don't know whether or not they were conceived during that time. However one can glean the general idea that what happens during conception/pregnancy can leave an imprint on the child, and so one who is siring/carrying a child should be thoughtful of that.
You can still recite Quran during that time as long as it is not one of the 4 ayahs of sajdah. If it involves those, you can take a break and continue afterwards.
"It is forbidden for a menstruating woman to touch the text of the Qurʾān, to touch the names of Allah (so long as they are referring to Him), and also the names of the Prophets and Imams: according to precaution. She is forbidden from reciting those verses of the Qurʾān which require an obligatory prostration, or even their respective sūras based on precaution."
Reciting the Marriage Agreement during menses is allowed as far as it is just reciting the marriage agreement (Aqd or Nikah) but sexual intercourse is not allowed till menstrual course ends.
Reciting Talaq is not allowed during menses and Talaq is invalid if it was recited during the period of menstrual cycle.
Salah requires a woman to be in a state of ritual purity; in a state of Hayd, she cannot achieve this. Therefore any wajib qada salahs must be performed when she is not in a state of Hayd.
May Allah give you success
Yes, it is recommended for the female during her menstrual cycle to perform Wudhu for every daily prayer not to perform it because she is not supposed to pray, but to sit on her prayer place or prayer mat and remember Allah (SWT) and recite Tasbeeh, Estighfaar, Salawaat, Du'a etc for the usual time of her Prayers.
It is also recommended for female during her menstrual cycle to perform Ghusl of Jum'a , Ghusl of Ehram , Ghusl of Ziyarat, and other recommended Ghusls.
Yes, actually it is mustahabb to do wudu and recite du'a at prayer times.
However you will not technically be in a state of wudu until after the monthly cycle has passed and you have done ghusl, it is just for spiritual/physical cleansing.
However you should not recite the ayat for which sadjah is mandatory and it is said that one should be in a state of purification to recite Du'a al-Mashlool (which you probably aren't reciting before sleeping anyway!).
The rules for females who are passing their menstruation period are same:
1. No Namaz (Preyers) whether obligatory or recommended and no Qaza (Qadha) of such Prayers later on.
2. No fasting but it must be made up as Qaza later on if she misses fasting any day in the Month of Ramadhan.
3. No sexual intercourse is permissible during menstruation period. Divorce is invalid during menstruation period.
4. It is not allowed for her and any person who is in the state of Janabah (man or woman) to recite any of the four verses of Quran of obligatory Sajda (In Sura Al-Alaq, Sura An-Najm, Sura Fussilat and Sura Al-Sajdah)
5. It is not allowed for her and any person who is in the state of Janabah (man or woman) be inside any Masjid. The inside of shrines of Ahlul Bayt (AS) are Masjids. The courtyard (Sahn) is not a Masjid so she can be in the Sahn but not inside the shrine.
- It is permissible to apply nail polish during menstruation, but it is better to avoid it because it might be Makrouh ( disliked). It is Makrouh during menstruation period to apply Hina and some Ulama take the nail polish as type of Hina. After all, every Makrouh is permissible but better to avoid it.
- It is recommended for female during menstruation to wear her Prayers dress and sit at her place of Salah ( Namaz) and remember Allah for a time which is equal to her usual time of Prayers in her usual days.
- Nail polish should not be shown to non Mahram man at all. Wassalam.
Haydh, or the monthly menstrual cycle never exceeds 10 days, if it does not have a regular fixed normal number of days. Therefore, the wife should do ghusl, and anything more than that is Istihadhah, which means she can have marital relations with her husband.
And Allah knows best.
The maximum days of menstruation (Haydh) or (Hayz) period is ten days and the minimum is three days.
If the bleeding continues more that ten days, then any day after the tenth day of menstruation will be Estihaadha and Not Haydh.
Estihaadha is three types according to the amount of blood :
Qaleela (Little) (Blood does not fill the pad.
Motawasita (Medium)(Blood fills the pad but does not leak out of it)
Katheera (Big) (Blood fills the pad and leaks out of it.
In Estihaadha (Qaleela) she must pray and fast like usual but with one Wudhu for every Prayer if the blood is in small amount which does not full the pad.
(Motawassita) :If the blood fills he whole pad but does not leak out, then she has to add one Ghusl before Morning Prayers.
(Katheera): If he blood fills the pad and leaks out, then three added Ghusls will be obligatory, one before Morning Prayer, second before Zohr Prayers, and third before Maghrib Prayers.
Ghusl after menstruation is obligatory for performing Prayers. It is called Ghusl of Haydh (Ghusl after menstruating). After performing this Ghusl, she can perform ablution if she wants otherwise she can pray with that Ghusl alone.