Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. The first period usually begins between twelve and fifteen years of age, a point in time known as menarche. However, periods may occasionally start as young as eight years old and still be considered normal.
Your prayer is valid and you do not need to pray again. Cleaning the area of the discharge is good but it is not a condition for validity of you Prayer. This is when the discharge is not blood. If it was blood which came out and made pats of your outer body Najis, then you need to wash and clean it.
Thank you for your question. On the night of Decree God decrees the affairs of His creation for the next year. As such a female's menstrual cycle does not prevent her from benefiting from the blessings of that night. There are some acts of worship she cannot do, like praying a obligatory prayer. But there are many more acts that she can do like supplicating, remembering Allah, reading Qur'an and so on.
May you always be successful
There are some Ahkaam in religion that have no justification except "obedience" and this matter is among them.
If one is obedient to God, he/she should say ok my Lord.
Some have tried to raise some justifications that I think none of them are true and we can't accept them as a reason behind this legislation.
No fasting during menstruation period. Minimum period of menstrual cycle bleeding is three continuous days and maximum is ten days. Any bleeding less than three days is not menstruation and she has to fast and pray Salah.
It would make the fast void and she must repeat it as qada when possible.
May Allah grant you success
It is not necessary to have wudhu to recite Du'a 'Ahad.
You need to wait till the 3rd starts and as soon as it starts the Iddah period is over.
I think it is good to look at these texts with a proverbial grain of salt and in the historical context, including but not limited to a common trend of denigrating certain enemies of the Imams (A) on the grounds that they were illegitimate, as well as a heavily tribal culture where once's ancestry generally affected one's social identity and life opportunities. In the time of the later Imams, there seems to have been a particularly strong focus on one's paternal ancestry.
Infants are obviously not born with a conscious hatred of Imam Ali (A) since they have to learn first who he is, and their opinions of him are generally shaped according to what they are told. Of course, one could argue that on an existential level, we encounter Imam Ali (A) prior to birth and thereby develop some relationship. One could also argue that one is born with an inherent disposition towards or against what he stood for (justice, truth, etc). Still, one finds, in practice, many people who are not born within the context of a marriage who do have a strong love for Imam Ali, and many people historically who were born within the context of a marriage who fought him. So it is worth considering these statements in more of a historical/cultural context rather than as absolutes.
It is more difficult to comment in practice regarding the latter since most people don't know whether or not they were conceived during that time. However one can glean the general idea that what happens during conception/pregnancy can leave an imprint on the child, and so one who is siring/carrying a child should be thoughtful of that.
You can still recite Quran during that time as long as it is not one of the 4 ayahs of sajdah. If it involves those, you can take a break and continue afterwards.
"It is forbidden for a menstruating woman to touch the text of the Qurʾān, to touch the names of Allah (so long as they are referring to Him), and also the names of the Prophets and Imams: according to precaution. She is forbidden from reciting those verses of the Qurʾān which require an obligatory prostration, or even their respective sūras based on precaution."
Reciting the Marriage Agreement during menses is allowed as far as it is just reciting the marriage agreement (Aqd or Nikah) but sexual intercourse is not allowed till menstrual course ends.
Reciting Talaq is not allowed during menses and Talaq is invalid if it was recited during the period of menstrual cycle.
Salah requires a woman to be in a state of ritual purity; in a state of Hayd, she cannot achieve this. Therefore any wajib qada salahs must be performed when she is not in a state of Hayd.
May Allah give you success