Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
Tabari mentioned in his famous book of history Tareekh al-Tabari (V. 8, P.187) that Yazeed openly declared his infidelity and denying Islam when he saw the head of Imam Husain (AS) by saying:
لعبت هاشم بالملك فلا. خبرٌ جاء ولا وحيٌ نزل
Hashim family (of the Prophet) played with rule, otherwise, nothing came from God, nor any revelation was sent.
This poem of the cursed Yazeed is narrated in many other Sunni books.
Jalaluddin Al Rumi who is also famous by the name of Maulawi or Maulana Rumi is the author of the famous book “Mathnawi”. Rumi was born in year 604 after hijra in Balkh, which was that time part of Khurasan and now is part of Afghanistan. He died in 672 after hijra. His father was a Sunni Hanafi Sheikh and he studied from his father the Hanafi Fiqh. He accompanied his father when his father migrated from Balkh to Baghdad, that time Rumi was just 4 years old and he stayed in Baghdad many years. He went to Konya in year 623 which is a place in Turkey now and he was teaching the Hanafi Fiqh in the religious schools there. Then he left teaching and became a Sufi. Rumi was not Shia from what we read in his Mathnawi because he praised persons who cannot be praised by the followers of Ahlulbayt (a.s.) and also Rumi in his Mathnawi called the Shias as روافض Rafidhi which is a title used by the enemies of the Shias to label the Shias. The works of Rumi or Maulawi Rumi contain lot of poetry including religious matters and wise words. We as followers of Alhlulbayt (a.s.) appreciate the facts mentioned in some of his statements but we can never endorse all his statements. With due respect to all righteous scholars, we should be very frank in saying that based on his own statements, he is not a Shia who believe in Ahlulbayt (a.s.) and follow them and they never praise anyone who stood against Ahlulbayt (a.s.). Agha Buzurg Tehrani (a very well known Shia Scholar) has compiled a big book by the name of “Al Zariyah” الذريعة has mentioned in Volume-10 Page-70 Under Number-106 some of the books of Rumi, that is why some people think that Rumi was a Shia but our Ulema say that itself is not an evidence because Rumi has written books and mentioned Ahlulbayt (a.s.) but the criteria of a real Shia is to follow Ahlulbayt (a.s.) and should not follow or should not praise the opponents of Ahlulbayt (a.s.).
It is also to be mentioned that Jalaluddin Rumi was student of Shams Tabrizi who was a Sunni Hanafi Sheikh.
It is to be mentioned that Jalaluddin Rumi was student of Ibne Arabi known as Muhiyiddin who is a well known Sufi, and as Ibne Arabi was a Sunni, Jalaluddin Rumi was following his Sunni teacher.
Our Ulema have expressed appreciation to the facts mentioned in Mathnawi and also many of our Ulema opposed and condemned some statements mentioned in Mathnawi which are in favour of enemies of Ahlulbayt (a.s.). We as Shias deal with Mathnawi and with Jalaluddin Rumi like we deal with any work by any person who is not Infallible. We take the good and avoid the wrong.
We deal with all poets , philosophers and scholars according to level of truth in their statements.
There isn't one specific Shi'i view on Rumi, insofar as poetry is more of an aesthetic matter or matter of taste rather than a theological matter.
Many Shi'is enjoy reading his poetry and find wisdom in it and quote it, particularly in Iran.
However if there is some theological objection to one of his poems, perhaps one could skip that one.
Some Shi'is do not have an interest in his poetry or that style of poetry in general, and don't pay attention to it.
In and of itself, there is no fiqh-based problem in writing or reciting poetry that provides wisdom, truths, and upliftment.
That poetry was made by order of the Prophet (SAWA) to register and confirm in the memory of people the great declaration of Ghadeer. The poetry of Hassaan Ibn Thaabit
يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم
بخمّ وأكرم بالنبي مناديا
Has become one of the important poetry in the history of Islam which recorded the most important order of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWA).
Thank you for your question. There is no problem in reading Islamic poetry.
May you always be successful
It depends on the effect of listening to the lyrics from Non Mahram. If it initiates bad feelings, it should be avoided.
There is no question of any word in Quran mentioned just for poetic reason. Every word in Quran has its important meaning even if it was repeated in previous verses, but the meaning of it in every verse has its own situation which is different from other verses.
In Sura Al-Rahman, the verse (Fabi'ayyi Alaa'i Rabbikoma Tokaththibaan) فبأي الاء ربكما تكذبان was mentioned thirty one times, but in every time, the meaning of it is related to the immediate verse before it. Allah (SWT) in Sura Al-Rahmaan is mentioning His bounties, then asking Jinns and humans : Which bounty of your Lord you deny? This question is repeated after every bounty because every bounty is different from other bounties.