Zoheir Ali Esmail

Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD from the University of Exeter in the philosophical and mystical readings of Mulla Sadra in the context of the schools of Tehran and Qum.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 day ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. The five usul of din (tawhid, adalat, nubuwat, imamat, qiyamat) were devised my twelver theologians in order to distinguish twelver Shiism from other sects within Islam, thereby giving it an identity. These are the main concepts from a theological point of view, but religion comprises more than these 5 principles. These principles are formulated from the scriptural sources and the principles of adalat and imamat are specifically in response to other sects and theological positions that developed within the Islamic world.

The first is the unity of God. That He is unique and there is none like Him. The existence of God is proved in a variety of ways, but His uniqueness is a presupposition, even though the concept is coherent when compared to other views which lead to incoherencies. He is unique because He is unlimited and is not constructed of parts. If any other god is supposed to exist other than Him, He would neither be unique or simple (not constructed of parts) as there would be another being that would limit Him, or would be a part of Him. This position is derived from the scriptural sources that stress the uniqueness of God. 
 

The second principle is that He is Just. His Justice is stressed as the Ashari school of theology stressed God's Power over His Justice. The Imami theologians held that it was impossible for God to punish his Prophet (saw) for example, as that would be against His Justice, but the Ashari's maintained that God could do whatever He wished and that Justice was what God said it was, not humans conceived.

Prophethood is proved through the grace of God in desiring that His creatures be guided, as well as the proofs which they brought to prove their prophethood, which could not be repeated without divine help. The Qur'an is the greatest living proof of prophethood.

Imamate is again a principle which separates Shiis from other schools of thought and for the twelver school imamate continues from prophethood and is for the same reasons, such as God's desire to guide His creatures. Imamate is necessary to safeguard and interpret the final message in every time.

The Day of Judgement is what brings all of the test of the life of this world into perspective. By it the consequences of our actions remain hidden and test has meaning. The soul is everlasting and so a hereafter must exist as a place where the soul rests after death.

May you always be successful.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 4 days ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. The neck is one of the areas that should be covered in order to observe hijab. 
 

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 4 days ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Islam stresses the spiritual equality of each and every person, no matter their gender or social status, with the differentiating factor between all people being the quality og God-consciousness. At the same time, that does not mean that it also decrees that the genders have the same corporeal responsibilities. The station of prophethood has both a spiritual and a corporeal aspect to it and that is why women, especially in past societies, were not prophets. But that does not reflect on the spiritual status of women, especially since there are women that Islam holds in high regard for their spiritual excellece like Lady Fatimah, Lady Khadija, Lady Mary and Lady Asia and many other examples of women held in high regard in Islam.

May you always be successful.

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 4 days ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Adultery is when a couple have relations outside of a valid contract of marriage. Since informing the first wife of the marriage contract with the second wife is not a condition for its validity, the intimacy with the second wife is not considered adultery. Polygamy is allowed in Islam and is not considered immoral or sinful in the eyes of God. At the same time, a man should be wise in how he builds a home and the feelings of his family members. But there is no doubt that by taking a second wife without the knowledge of the first is not a sinful act.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answer updated 1 week ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Wilayat al-faqih has two meanings. A jurisprudential meaning and a political meaning. The jurisprudential meaning of the guardianship of the jurist in the absence of the Imam is a result of the necessity of carrying out some jurisprudential laws which are specific to the Imam (as). The scope of this guardianship is discussed further on the books of fiqh.

Wilayt al-faqih as a political ideology for the period of the ghayba, was conceived by Ayatullah Khumayni (r) as a solution to the political vacuum that would be created after the overthrow of the Shah in Iran. While an autocracy had obvious flaws, there was much discussion on the role of democracy and its suitability as an Islamic system of government. In this milieu Ayatullah Khumayni proposed a system which drew from both the jurisprudential guardianship of a faqih, but also from his background in mysticism and the system of wilayat according to theoretical mysticism.
 

There is no definite system of governance that can be derived from the scriptural sources in the ghayba, and so different thinkers have had different ideas as to what that system should be like, and the conversation is dynamic in the contemporary Shia intellectual milieu.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 week ago

Bismillah 

Thank you for your question. Your regret is sufficient for repentance from any wrong doing in this situation.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah 

Thank you for your question. It is God who decides who exists and that is not the choice of an individual. What is in their choice is what they do with the life they are given, and not wanting life, reward or punishment is not something that absolves them from that responsibility.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. If we assume the facts of the question as true, the question presupposes that volume equals importance. If the 2% difference gives rise to very distinct and important differences then monkeys and humans are not the same, as is clear from the difference in the way monkeys and humans live in this world. Another assumption is that all that is involved in being human is contained in DNA, and not just a human's physical aspects, which is something that is not established.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. His creation of the worlds was out of His Love and Grace, not because of any need.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Below is the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani (hA):

Ruling 978. Based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah aloud (jahr) in ṣubḥ, maghrib, and ʿishāʾ prayers. And based on obligatory precaution, it is obligatory for a man and a woman to recite Surat al-Ḥamd and the other surah in ẓuhr, and ʿaṣr in a whisper (ikhfāt).

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. While the application of the criteria for halal and haram music is upon the muqallid, that does not mean that the criteria itself is completely subjective. There are some genres of music as well as songs that are clearly impermissible. At the same time, there are other genres of music and songs that are clearly permissible. But the judgement of thr muqallid is more of a factor in the grey areas, where if one person consider the criteria to apply to a specific piece of music making it haram, whereas another person may find it halal using the same criteria. It is worth mentioning that the rulings of the Maraja and the criteria they have set for halal and haram music also varies and so it is possible for a piece of music to be halal according to one criteria and haram according to another.

May you always be successful 

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Zoheir Ali Esmail, Shaykh Zoheir Ali Esmail has a Bsc in Accounting and Finance from the LSE in London, and an MA in Islamic Studies from Middlesex University. He studied Arabic at Damascus University and holds a PhD... Answered 1 month ago

Bismillah

Thank you for your question. Naming children according to sectarian lines was not a factor in the early ages of Islam and therefore, it is not an indication of holding a certain person with the same name in high esteem. For example, certain companions of the Imams (as) were named Yazid and Mu'awiya, but this in no way indicated that they condoned the actions of the Caliphs with the same names, or held them in high esteem.

May you always be successful.