Abortion is the ending of pregnancy due to removing an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside the uterus.
In general, Islam prohibits abortion, and this is the primary law, considering abortion unlawful and a form of murder, where blood-money must be paid and a kaffarah.
In brief, there are certain circumstances where abortion becomes allowed. In the case of a rape incident, with the victim falling pregnant, before the fourth month (entering of the soul into the fetus), she is allowed to abort the fetus if there is extreme difficulty upon her to keep the baby. This means her mental state as the mother is unstable, her family and social status will be ruined, and she will not be able to bear the extremely damaging consequences of all of this. In this case, she is permitted to have an abortion.
As for after the fourth month, there are different opinions on this, and she must refer to her Marja' taqleed for the fatwa.
And Allah knows best.
Abortion is a type of killing of a human being under formation, that is why it is a major sin. The Penalty of such major sin is called Diyah which is obligatory on the person who did the abortion as well as a Kaffara of killing . The Kaffara is three parts; freeing a slave, fasting two months continuously and feeding sixty poor Momin's. The amount of the Diyah depends on the number of the days of the embryo since the formation of the zygote.
Abortion is a major sinful act in Islam act because it is killing a human being in the early stages. There is a sinful act which needs Estighfaar and sincere repentance and a (Diyah) penalty on the person who committed this crime. The amount of the penalty depends on the age of the embryo starting from the moment of the formation of the zygote. Supporting in this major sin is definitely sinful and if the supporter was partner in the abortion, he will be responsible to share the penalty as he shared the crime with same ratio.
Muslim public officer is obliged and responsible as a Muslim to serve his country and society in every possible way provided he does not take part or support injustice, discrimination and any unlawful act. Things which are legal in non Muslim countries but forbidden in Islam like abortion, alcohol, etc, must be avoided by the Muslim officer. You can leave it for other officers who do not have religious obligations against it.
Haraam is Haraam whether you are an officer or not. We as Muslims are responsible to avoid Haraam in every possible way.
Abortion is terminating a developing life of a human being, which started from the formation of the zygote. That is why, abortion is a major sin, unless it is absolutely necessary to save the life of the mother if doctors decide that pregnancy under existing medical condition can kill the mother.
Abortion is not only a major sin, but also has a penalty like the penalty of killing and amount of the penalty depends on the age of the embryo.
Allah says in Quran ( And your Lord creates whatever He wills and chooses, no choice have they.) 28:68.
When the zygote is formed, it means that it was created by Allah, so, no one has the right to terminate the pregnancy. Your husband has no right to kill this embryo by abortion. You need to tell him that he should not object on the Wisdom and Mercy of Allah which created this embryo. No one knows what is the future of this child but Allah who created it.
Abortion is type of killing of a human being and it is a major sin and has a penalty called Diyah like the penalty of killing. The only case in which abortion can be allowed is when the life of the mother is in danger because f the pregnancy and there was no way to save the life of the mother but only by abortion.
Thank you for your question. I would recommend that you contact the office of your Marja with the specifics of your case. Although the usual ruling is that it is not allowed (and this will be applicable in most circumstances and is also the applicable rule according to the limited information you have given here), there have been exceptions for when the woman who has become pregnant in a mutah marriage is allowed to abort before 4 months when the difficulty she would face from being accused would have been too much for her to bear and there is absolutely no other way that an abortion can be avoided (like traveling to another place and having the baby). I am posting the ruling from the office of Sayyid Sistani (hA) below which is in Arabic for further reference:
السؤال: امرأة حملت بعقد زواج منقطع وتخشى على سمعتها والعار، وخاصة من أهلها ومعارفها، فهل يجوز لها إسقاط الجنين قبل الأشهر الأربعة أو حتى بعدها؟
الجواب: أمّا قبل ولوج الروح فيه فإن كان ما تواجهه من الحرج بسبب انكشاف أمرها بحدٍّ لا يُتحمّل عادة ولم يكن هناك طريق للمنع من ذلك - ولو بأن تسافر إلى أيِّ بلد آخر وتسكن فيه حتى تضع الحمل - جاز لها الإجهاض، وأما بعد ولوج الروج فلا يجوز الاجهاض مطلقا حتى على الاحوط اذا كانت تتضرر أو تقع في حرج شديد من بقائه.
May you always be successful.
No, it is not allowed, and both parties must be responsible towards the pregnancy and their child. This is the least of moral commitment the man has towards her and their baby as well.
With prayers for your success.
It is not called Kaffara but Diyyah. Diyyah is a penalty on the person who kills or injures someone else. It goes to the inheritors of the victim who did not take part in the sinful act itself (abortion).
Deliberate terminating of pregnancy is a sinful act. The Diyyah depends on the age of the embryo. In your case of 11 weeks , the Diyyah is two hundred and ten Mithqal of silver. Every Mithqal is 4.64 grams.
It is not called Kaffara but Diyyah.
For deliberately aborting of 11 weeks embryo, the Diyyah is 210 Mithqal of silver. Every Mithqal is 4.64 grams.
The Diyyah or its value must be given to the inheritors of the embryo who did not take part in the act of abortion.
Abortion is not permitted in this case. It is only permitted in cases where the mothers life is at risk and there are circumstantial conditions in that scenario.